Temario

Vocabulario y Conversación

Ejemplos:

  • “Hello!”
  •  “Good morning.”
  • “Good afternoon.”
  • “Good evening.”
  • “It’s nice to meet you.”
  •  “It’s a pleasure to meet you.”
  • “Hi!” (Probably the most commonly used greeting in English)
  • “Morning!” (A more casual way of saying “Good morning”)
  • “How are things (with you)?”
  • “What’s new?”
  • “It’s good to see you.” (Used when you haven’t seen someone in a while)
  • “G’day!” (Short for “Good day”)
  • “Howdy!” (Often used in the southern regions of the United States)
  • Nice to see you.
  • Long time no see. (I haven’t seen you in a while.)
  • What have you been up to?
  • How are things?
  • It’s been a while. (It’s been a while since I’ve seen you.)
  • What’s new?
  • Not much. (answer to What’s new?)

Ejemplos:

  • Hello, my name is John, what is your name?
  • Hi John my name is Jane pleased to meet you.
  • Greeting someone and asking them there name
  • Hello, I’m Peter what is your name?
  • Hello, my names Sarah nice to meet you.
  • Can you tell me your name please?
  • My name is John Smith, pleased to meet you.
  • What if I don’t understand them?
  • Teacher:- Please tell me your name?
  • Student:- my name is Boris Jones.
  • Teacher:- Am sorry I don’t understand, please repeat it slowly for me
  • Student:- B – o – r – i – s J – o – n – e – s
  • Teacher:- Am sorry I still don’t understand, please spell it for me
  • Student:- B – o – r – i – s J – o – n – e – s
  • Teacher:- Thank you.

Ejemplos:

Country Nationality (adj.)

  • – Afghanistan Afghan
  • – Andorra Andorran
  • – Antilles Antillean
  • – Argentina Argentinian
  • – Australia Australian
  • – Austria Austrian
  • – Belgium Belgian
  • – Bolivia Bolivian
  • – Brazil Brazilian
  • – Bulgaria Bulgarian
  • – Burma (Birmania) Burman
  • – Cambodia Cambodian
  • – Cameroun Cameroun
  • – Ceylon Ceylonese
  • – Chile Chilean
  • – China Chinese
  • – Colombia Colombian
  • – Congo Congolese
  • – Costa Rica Costa Rican
  • – Croatia Croatian
  • – Cuba Cuban
  • – Cyprus Cypriot
  • – Czech Republic Czech
  • – Denmark Danish
  • – Dominican Republic Dominican
  • – Ecuador Ecuadorians
  • – Egypt Egyptian
  • – El Salvador Salvadoran, Salvadorian
  • – England English
  • – Ethiopia Ethiopian
  • – Finland Finnish
  • – France French
  • – Gabon Gabonese
  • – Gambia Gambian
  • – Germany German
  • – Ghana Ghanian, Ghanaian
  • – Great Britain British
  • – Greece Greek
  • – Guatemala Guatemalan
  • – Guinea Guinean
  • – Haiti Haitian
  • – Holland / the Netherlands Dutch
  • – Honduras Honduran
  • – Hungary Hungarian
  • – Iceland Icelander
  • – India Indian
  • – Iran Iranian
  • – Iraq Irakian, Iraki
  • – Ireland Irish
  • – Israel Israeli
  • – Italy Italian
  • – Jamaica Jamaican
  • – Japan Japanese –
  • Jordan Jordanian –
  • Kenya Kenyan –
  • Korea Korean –
  • Kuwait Kuwaiti –
  • Laos Laotian –
  • Latvia (Letonia) Latvian –
  • Lebanon Lebanese –
  • Liberia Liberian –
  • Libya Lybian –
  • Luxembourg Luxembourger –
  • Malaya (Malasia) Malayan –
  • Mali Malian – Malta Maltese –
  • Mauritania Mauritanian –
  • Mexico Mexican –
  • Monaco Monegasque –
  • Morocco Moroccan –
  • Nepal Nepali, Nepalese –
  • New Zealand New Zelander –
  • Nicaragua Nicaraguan –
  • Nigeria Nigerian –
  • Norway Norwegian –
  • Pakistan Pakistani –
  • Panama Panamanian –
  • Paraguay Paraguayan –
  • Peru Peruvian –
  • Philipines Filipino –
  • Poland Polish –
  • Portugal Portuguese –
  • Puerto Rico Puerto Rican –
  • Rhodesia Rhodesian –
  • Romania Romanian –
  • Russia Russian –
  • Rwanda Rwandese –
  • San Marino San Marinese –
  • Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian –
  • Scotland Scottish –
  • Senegal Senegalese –
  • Somalia Somalian –
  • South Africa South African –
  • Spain Spanish –
  • Sudan Sudanese –
  • Sweden Swedish –
  • Switzerland Swiss –
  • Syria Syrian –
  • Tanzania Tanzanian –
  • Thailand Thai –
  • Togo Togolese –
  • Tunisia Tunisian –
  • Turkey Turkish –
  • Uganda Ugandan –
  • Ukraine Ukrainian –
  • United States of America North American –
  • Uruguay Uruguayan –
  • Venezuela Venezuelan –
  • Vietnam Vietnamese
  • – Wales Welsh
  • – Yemen Yemeni
  • – Zaire Zairian
  • – Zambia Zambian

 

Continents

  • – Europe European
  • – Asia Asian
  • – Africa African
  • – America American
  • – Oceania Oceanian

Ejemplos:

THE FURNITURE OF THE KITCHEN
VOCABULARY:

La nevera o frigorífico – the refrigerator or fridge
El fregadero – the kitchen sink
El horno – the oven or cooker
La vitrocerámica – the ceramic hob
El lavavajillas – the dishwasher
La lavadora – the washing machine
El microondas – the microwave

THE FURNITURE OF THE BEDROOM
VOCABULARY:

El armario – the wardrobe
La estantería – the shelf
La ventana – the window
Las cortinas – the curtains
El escritorio – the desk
El ordenador – the computer
La cama – the bed
El cojín – the pillow
El edredón – the quilt
Las sábanas – the bedding
La almohada – the pillowcase
La lámpara – the lamp
La mesilla de noche – the nighttable or nightstand
El espejo – the mirror
El cuadro – the painting

El armario – the wardrobe
La estantería – the shelf
La ventana – the window
Las cortinas – the curtains
La mesa – the table
La silla – the chair
El sillón – armchair
La alfombra – the carpet or rug
La lámpara – the lamp
La planta – the plant
Las flores – the flowers
La chimenea – the chimney
El suelo – the ground
El techo – the ceiling

THE FURNITURE OF THE BATHROOM
VOCABULARY:

La ducha – the shower
La bañera – the bathtub
El lavabo – the sink
El espejo – the mirror
El váter/ inodoro – the toilet
La toalla – the towel
La alfombrilla – the bathtub mat

Gramática

Ejemplos:

Positive:
I am. (I’m)
You are. (You’re)
He/She/It is. (He’s/ She’s/ It’s)
We are. (We’re)
You are. (You’re)
They are. (They’re)

Negative:
I am not. (I’m not)
You are not. (You’re not/ aren’t)
He/She/It is not. (He/She/It’s not/ isn’t)
We are not. (We’re not/ aren’t)
You are not. (You’re not/ aren’t)
They are not. They’re not/ aren’t)

Questions:
Am I?
Are You?
Is He/She/It ?
Are We?
Are You?
Are They?

Answer:
Yes I am/ No I am not (I’m not)

Examples:

 I am a teacher.
He is a doctor.
Are You at home?
Is She good?

Positive:
I was.
You were.
He/She/It was.
We were.
You were.
They were.

Question:
Was I?
Were you?
Was He/She/It ?
Were We?
Were You?
Were They?

Answer:

Positive- Negative
Yes I was. No I was not. (wasn’t).
Yes You were. No You were not. (weren’t)
Yes He/She/It was. No He/She/It was not. (wasn’t)
Yes We were. No We were not. (weren’t)
Yes You were. No You were not. (weren’t)
Yes They were. No They were not. (weren’t)

Ejemplo:

Use: Things that happen all the time or sometimes or are true in general.

1. I work every day.
2. I go to the gym once a wek.
3. The Sun sets in the West.

Structure: Subject + Verb

I work.
You work.
He/She/It works.
We work.
You work.
They work.

Add an “s” for He/She/It for most verbs except verbs ending in “s”, “sh”, “ch” and “x” ( wash- He washes, watch- He watches, pass-He passes, fix-He fixes)
Verbs that end in “y” – ies (study- studies, try- tries)
Also- “do”- does, “go”- goes.

Asking Questions: We need an auxiliary verb- to do ( do, does)
Structure: Auxiliary + Subject + Verb

Do you work every day?
Does He work every day?

Answers: Yes I do, Yes He does.
No I do not ( don’t), No He does not (doesn’t)

Frequency adverbs + Present Simple

Structure: Subject + always, never, usually, sometines, rarely, often + Verb.

I always work.
He sometimes travels.

Ejemplo:

Use: something that is happening now

Structure: Subject + To be + Verb -ing.

Example:
I am working now.
You are teaching.
He/She/It is dancing.
We are playing.
You are watching TV.
They are eating.

Question: To be + Subject + Verb -ing.
Are you working?
Is He dancing.

Answers:
Yes I am. No I am not/ I’m not.

Ejemplo:

Use: Finished actions that took place in the past.

Structure:

There are two kinds of verbs- regular and irregular. For regular verbs you add an ´´ed´´ .

Examples:
I work every day. I worked yesterday.
I watch TV every evening. I watched TV yesterday.

The irregular verbs- The second column on the following list.

Examples:
I get home at 8pm every day. I got home at 9pm yesterday.
He goes on holiday once a year. He went on holiday last year.

Question: Auxiliary To Do (past) + Subject + Verb (infinitive)

Did You work yesterday?
Did He go on holiday last year?

Answer:

Yes I did. No I did not. (didn’t)
Yes He did. No He did not. (didn’t)

Ejemplo:

Use: Past actions thet happened at one particular past moment.

Structure: Subject + To Be (past) + Verb ing.

I was working yesterday at 6pm.
You were working……….
He/She/It was working……….
We were working……….
You were working……..
They were working……….

Question:

Was I working?
Were You working? etc.

Answer: Positive- Negative

Yes I was. No I was not. (wasn’t)
Yes You were. No You were not. ( weren’t)

Ejemplo:

Use: Comparison with Past Simple.
Past Simple is used to express finished actions that took place in finished periods of times such as yesterday, last week, five seconds ago. Present Perfect, on the other hand, is used to express finished actions that took place in an unfinished period of time like today, this week, this year.

Structure: Subject + Auxiliary (to have) + Verb Past Participle ( regular verb+ed, irregular verb-third column)

Example:

Positive:
I have worked today.
You have worked.
He/She/It has worked.
We have worked.
You have worked.
They have worked.

Question:
Have I worked?
Have you worked?
Has He worked?

Answer: Positive/Negative
Yes I have. No I have not. (haven’t)
Yes He has. No He has not. (hasn’t)

Ejemplo:

Use: Present Perfect Continuous is used to express actions that started some time in the past and have not finished yet or have just finished.

Strcture: Subject + Auxiliary (to have) + been+ verb ing

Example:
I have been watching TV for 5 hours.
He has been working here for 10 years.

Question:
Have you been working here long?
How long have you been working here?
How long has He been watching TV?

Answer:
Yes I have. No I have not. (haven’t)
Yes He has. No He has not. (hasn’t)

Ejemplo:

Use: We use ¨Have you ever¨ when we ask about something that might have happend in a persons whole life.

Example:
Have you ever been to Rome?
Has he ever written a book?

Answer:
Yes I have.
No he has not. (hasn’t)

Never:
I have never been to Rome.
He has never eaten paella.

Been vs Gone:
He has been to France. ( He went and He is back now )
He has gone to France. ( He is there now )

Ejemplo:

Structure:
The past perfect is formed using had + past participle. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and had. Negatives are made with not.

Statement: You had studied English before you moved to New York.
Question: Had you studied English before you moved to New York?
Negative: You had not studied English before you moved to New York.
Complete List of Past Perfect Forms

Uses:
The past perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

Examples:

I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.
I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.
Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.

Ejemplo:

Structure:
The past perfect is formed using had + past participle. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and had. Negatives are made with not.

Statement: You had studied English before you moved to New York.
Question: Had you studied English before you moved to New York?
Negative: You had not studied English before you moved to New York.
Complete List of Past Perfect Forms

Uses:
The past perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

Examples:

I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.
I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.
Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.

curso de ingles online

Curso de Ingles online

El temario de arriba es un ejemplo, una guia general de lo que van a estudiar y aprender a lo largo del tiempo. Todos nuestros cursos intentan adaptarse a cada alumno tomando en cuenta el las particularidades de cada uno de nuestros alumnos.

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